In addition, the agreement provides for the removal of the Vergina Sun from public use in the Republic of Northern Macedonia and the creation of a review committee for textbooks and maps in both countries for the removal of irredentist content and their coordination with UNESCO and Council of Europe standards. [11] These amendments were brought to a referendum for the citizens of the Republic of Macedonia in the autumn of 2018. On 25 January 2019, the Greek Parliament approved the Prespa agreement by 153 votes in in person, 146 against and 1 abstention. [106] Shortly after the ratification of the agreement, Greek Deputy Foreign Minister Georgios Katrougalos signed the prespa agreement law in the Greek parliament. [107] The agreement was concluded by two independent countries under the aegis of the United Nations and will contribute to peace and stability in the Balkans, he added. The Prespa Agreement (Greek: Romanized: Symfonia ton Prespon, Macedonian: , Romanized: Prespanski Dogovor), also known as the prespes agreement, the Prespa agreement or the Treaty of Prespa, is an agreement reached on 12 June 2018 between Greece and the Republic of Macedonia under the aegis of the United Nations and which has established a long-standing dispute over the name of the Republic of Macedonia. On 23 January, just the day before the Greek parliament ratified it, hundreds of scholars, professors, writers and artists from all over Greece signed petitions in support of the Prespa agreement. [103] [104] In the Greek declaration, the Prespa Agreement is described as “an internationally recognized paradigm for the settlement of disputes between two independent sovereign states under the aegis of the United Nations, without the intervention of third parties.” Last week, opinion polls showed that more than 65% of the population was against the ratification of the Prespa agreement,[100] while many popular Greek artists (S. Xarhakos, V. Papakonstantinou J.

Kotsiras, etc.) agreed to a referendum. [101] On 19 January, Mikis Theodorakis` editorial was published, in which he called the ratification of the agreement by Greek MPs a “crime” and called for a referendum on the agreement in Greece. [102] American spies and diplomats remain enthusiastic. Although a referendum on the deal failed last month in Macedonia – Macedonia`s parliament must now decide, perhaps as early as this week, whether the country joins the Atlantic Alliance – U.S. officials see Savvidis` revelation and expulsion of diplomats as a rare victory in a hunt for russian disinformation campaigns in Europe and the United States. The international community, to which Prime Minister Theresa May (Uk), Justin Trudeau (Canada), Boyko Borisov (Bulgaria) and Edi Rama (Albania), French President Emmanuel Macron, President of Kosovo, Hashim Thai, Donald Tusk of the European Union and Jean-Claude Juncker of the European Commission, the Foreign Ministers of the United States and Germany, Michael Pompeo and Heiko Maas, George , EU adviser to Romania, and Jens Stoltenberg, head of NATO, welcomed the ratification of the agreement. In addition, in the congratulatory message to his Greek counterpart Alexis Tsipras, whom he described as a “friend”, Macedonian Prime Minister Zoran Zaev called the ratification a “historic victory” that “ends a long-standing diplomatic conflict between Athens and Skopje”. [120] [121] On the other hand, Russia rejected the Prespa agreement and referred to the low turnout in the 2018 non-binding referendum on changing the country`s name. [122] Hungary, which granted asylum to the fugitive former Macedonian Prime Minister Nikola Gruevski, a staunch critic of the agreement, also opposed it. [123] The withdrawal of the Greek veto led the European Union to authorise, on 27 June, the opening of accession negotiations with the Republic of Macedonia to begin next year, subject to the implementation of the Prespa agreement and the modification of the country`s constitutional name in the Republic of Northern Macedonia.

[62] On 5 July, the Prespa agreement was again ratified by the Macedonian Parliament and 69 MEPs voted in favour. [63] On 11 July, NATO invited Macedonia to begin accession negotiations to become the 30th member of the Euro-Atlantic Alliance. [64] In June 2018,