The misleading name of the contract was introduced by former Chancellor Otto von Bismarck, who was preparing to attack his despised successor, Caprivi, to conclude an agreement reached by Bismarck himself during his management. However, Bismarck`s nomenclature implied that Germany had traded an African empire for a small Helgoland (pants for button). [4] This was taken with zeal by imperialists who complained of “treason” against German interests. Carl Peters and Alfred Hugenberg advocated the creation of the All-German Association, which took place in 1891. [5] In 1886, the British Empire and the German Empire made two statements about their spheres of interest in the Western Pacific. Their full names are: the Helgogoland-Zansibar Treaty (German: Helgoland-Zanibar Treaty; also known as the Anglo-German Agreement of 1890) was an agreement signed on 1 July 1890 between the German Empire and Great Britain. In 1885, Britain and Germany agreed to negotiate a joint declaration on their interests in the western Pacific. Previously, German plans to annex New Guinea, outlined in a German newspaper[1], and the rapid development of German and French trade had caused unrest among Australian politicians[2] Both powers wanted to protect the interests of their citizens and their respective businesses, but the Western Pacific was too small to risk conflict on the subject. [2] Negotiations on declarations began in 1885 between Mr.

Thurston for Great Britain and Mr. Krauel for Germany. In April 1886 they were signed by Herbert von Bismarck, Secretary of State at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and the British Ambassador to Germany, Sir Edward Malet. [3] Can I ask whether the assertion that “trade is protected from any different treatment” means that British German products will not be subject to higher tariffs when the mainland of the Sultanate of Zanzibar is ceded to Germany? Germany received the Helgoland Islands in the North Sea, originally part of the Danish Holstein-Gottorp, but since 1814 a British property, the Caprivi Band in present-day Namibia, and carte blanche to control and acquire the coast of Dar es Salaam, which was to form the nucleus of East Africa of Germany (later Tanganjika, now mainland part of Tanzania). [2] I ask the Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs if he has been notified that he has done so under Article VIII. the Anglo-German agreement obliged the two powers to apply the Berlin law in all areas of their respective fields when the first five articles are applicable “on the date of this agreement”; whether it was intended, in these terms, to end this law by the two governments as signatories in 1532 of the Berlin Law, with regard to territories that might be detained after the signing of the Anglo-German agreement or which could be under the influence of one of these two powers; and if, under this regime, the German government can allow the exemption of customs duties on the continent of the Sultanate of Zanzibar, should the coast be ceded by the sultan while maintaining the tariffs which are then balanced with British trade? . The declaration applied throughout the territory between the 15th parallel and the 30th parallel and between the 165th meridian of the western longitude and the 130th meridian of the east longitude. [4] The boundary between the spheres of interest should be a line that begins near Mitre Rock in northeastern New Guinea, at the 8th parallel to the south, so it should follow the points: if I remember correctly, the United States took an exceptional position at the conference.